Presenting some of the most beautiful scenery in Brazil, Chapada Diamantina is an unforgettable destination. There are hundreds of waterfalls, pools, caves, mountains, valleys and trails in Chapada Diamantina National Park. Besides the amazing natural attractions, the Chapada preserves many historical cities that are tied to the era of diamond mining and are full of legends and history.
In 1985, through the National Decree nº 91,655, was created the Chapada Diamantina National Park (CDNP) to preserve the scenic beauty of the place. However, the major objective of maintaining the park is the preservation of its sources and an important gene bank for scientific research and biodiversity conservation. According to the statistics, were cataloged in the park 200 plant species and 50 endemic animals. Currently the national plan is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Conservation, an agency linked to the Ministry of Environment, which works exclusively in favor of conservation areas and has two basic lines of activity: surveillance and research.
The city of Lençóis is located in the Sincorá range, region of diamond mines, midwest of the Chapada Diamantina, Bahia state, 410 km from Salvador. Its foundation was in the mid-nineteenth century, year 1845, with the miner’s flow coming from Minas Gerais state, the traders coming from Salvador and Europe added to slaves brought especially from Angola.
In 1856, became the Commercial Village of Lençóis, and May 20, 1864 the gold mining economic prosperity of this traditional society that had commercial relations with Paris, Amsterdam and Liverpool secured his elevation to city status.
The architectural ensemble marked by neo-gothic features in 1973 was listed by Iphan as national heritage.
Due to its natural beauty formed by the rich biodiversity of their ecosystems, secured the creation of the Chapada Diamantina National Park part of its territory. Its tourist infrastructure today yields the classification by the Ministry of Tourism as an inducer target to national and international tourism.